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Volume Loss

Over time your face changes naturally, but one of the most noticeable changes is the loss of volume. As you age the production of natural substances like collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid starts to decrease. Volume loss cannot be stopped, but there are some treatments that can help replenish that lost volume.

The fastest way to replace volume is with any of the many derma fillers. The traditional fillers are soft liquids or gels which are injected into the area to improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, plump lips, fill out cheek hollows and repair facial impairments. The depleted space is filled, replacing the lost fat.

Collagen stimulators are important to replace the collagen your body loses. The stimulators are injected into the dermis and subcutaneous layer, filling the spaces where the collagen has been lost. This collagen provides a structural framework to hols hyaluronic acid and elastin and helps to restore the dermis. Water molecules are attracted to the hyaluronic acid in the dermis and help to restore skin moisture. The elastin provides elasticity and helps the skin stretch.

Some of the fillers you can get include

  • Radiesse®
  • Belotero Balance®
  • Juvederm®
  • Restylane Lyft®
  • Sculptra®

Fine Lines and Wrinkles

Fine lines can appear at any age. Some people get fine lines in their 20s and some reach middle age before any fine lines appear. These fine lines and wrinkles form because of a variety of things including sun damage, gravity, surgery, acne, and smoking.

There are four classifications of fine lines and wrinkles:

  • Mild – There are a few wrinkles or fine lines that require very little makeup to cover them.
  • Moderate – The early signs of wrinkles, requiring a bit more makeup to cover up.
  • Advanced – The wrinkling is more persistent and requires specialised makeup to cover them up.
  • Severe – Fine lines show up all over the face. Wrinkles and furrows are also visible. Makeup is not sufficient to cover.

Using a good moisturiser can help prevent fine lines and wrinkles. The best results you get will be from taking prescription Retinoids. They increase the cell turnover deep within the dermis. Chemical peels can help improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Dermabrasion can also be done, as well as laser resurfacing.

It is always a good idea to start preventative measures as early as possible, but it is also never too late to start.

Chemical Peels

A chemical peel is a technique used to improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck, or hands. Acids of various concentrations are used to stimulate skin renewal, helping skin appear healthier, plumper and tighter which enhances skin smoothness and clarity.

There are three types of chemical peels: a superficial peel, a medium peel and a deep peel.

Superficial Peel
A mild acid is used to penetrate the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. This is done to improve the appearance of skin discolouration and rough skin as well as to refresh the skin on the face, neck, chest or hands. After a superficial peel, the skin will take 1-7 days to heal.

Medium Peel
Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is used to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. This peel is done to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discolouration. 7-14 days are required for healing after a medium peel.

Deep Peel
Trichloroacetic acid or phenol is used to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. This procedure is used to remove moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. This peel is done on the face and can only be done once. Deep peels require 14-21 days to heal and the treated area will be bandaged

Chemical peels are not recommended if you have the following:

  • An infection
  • An active skin disease
  • Cut or broken skin
  • Sunburn
  • Active Herpes simplex 1 sores

Women who are pregnant or nursing cannot go for a chemical peel. It is not advised to get a chemical peel if you have taken Accutane in the last 6 months or suffer from psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or rosacea.

Dermalinfusion

Similar to microdermabrasion, the SilkPeel™ treatment involves the removal of outer layers of skin through exfoliation techniques. Dermalinfusion provides non-invasive exfoliation, skin rejuvenation, skin resurfacing treatment, clear skin products and healthy skin products. It works best on problems such as dull skin, brown spots and age spots.

The SilkPeel™ infuses one or more specialised treatment serums deep into the skin where they are most effective. The solution doesn’t just sit on top of your skin like a lotion or cream would, instead of the patented SilkPeel™ handpiece genuinely delivers the vitamins, antioxidants and other therapeutic ingredients that your skin needs most.

After microdermabrasion, your skin will be pink and feel dry and tight for about 24 hours. It is recommended that you use a moisturiser after the procedure. Be careful about what makeup you apply for at least 24 hours the procedure. Is possible avoid sun exposure for a few days immediately after the procedure.

SilkPeel® is designed to treat a range of skin conditions. It can:

  • Treat oily or acne-prone skin
  • Hydrate dry skin
  • Minimize the appearance of wrinkles
  • Reduce the appearance of age and sun spots

Fillers

Dermal fillers are a group of non-toxic substances that are injected under the skin at various depths to smooth out fine lines, deep wrinkles, nasolabial folds and acne scars. They are also used to define and give volume to lips, contour the chin and nose, or plump up sunken cheeks or temples for a full, lifted appearance.

Some of these fillers include:

  • Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc
  • Juvéderm Voluma Xc
  • Restylane

Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc

Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc is made from a hyaluronic acid gel. It is used to correct more severe facial wrinkles, deep nasolabial folds and marionette lines. It is also used to fill in depressed areas in the cheeks. A liquid face lift procedure to sculpt and reshape facial contours can also be done with Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc.

These treatments are fast and relatively painless. Generally an anaesthetic is first applied to eliminate any discomfort. The thin gel-like substance is then injected into the target area using a tiny, fine needle.

One injection of Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc should last for 6 to 12 months, therefore 1 to 2 treatments a year should be sufficient to maintain results.

Juvéderm Voluma Xc

This is an injectable gel that is used for deep injection into the cheek area that corrects age-related volume loss in adults over 21 years of age. The safety and effectiveness of Juvéderm Voluma Xc being injected into areas other than the cheeks have not been established in clinical studies.

Juvéderm Voluma Xc is combined with collagen and elastin to improve skin structure and elasticity, as well as to create a smooth natural look. Like Juvéderm Ultra Plus Xc, Juvéderm Voluma Xc is also made from a hyaluronic acid gel.

These treatments are safe and effective for all skin types and all skin colours.

One injection of Juvéderm Voluma Xc should last between 18 months and 2 years. To maintain results, treatment should be done every 2 years.

Restylane

Restylane is also a gel of hyaluronic acid like the Juvéderm products; however, it was the first approved dermal filler. It was designed to slow and hide the effects of ageing. Restylane fills in lines and wrinkles and also adds moisture and lubrication to the skin to make it feel younger and more comfortable. This procedure is relatively painless and you can return to work anywhere from a few minutes to 30 minutes immediately after receiving your injection.

A Restylane injection lasts between 8 and 12 months and each subsequent treatment tends to last longer than the previous one.

Freckles, Birth Marks and Port Stains

Freckles

Freckles are flat small light-brown spots found on skin that is exposed to the skin often. They are typically the size of the head of a nail and quite often multiply. People with a fair complexion will often find freckles on their upper-body skin areas like the upper shoulders, arms, nose and cheeks.

Freckling is caused by the uneven distribution of the melanin pigment in the skin. A freckle is, therefore nothing more than an unusually heavy deposit of melanin at one spot in the skin.

Bleaching and fading creams can be used to help lighten freckles. These products need to be applied consistently over a period of months and are most effective if used in combination with sun avoidance and sun protection. More invasive methods of lightening freckles include cryosurgery, laser treatments, Photofacials or Intense Pulsed Light treatments and chemical peels.

Birthmarks

Birthmarks are congenital, benign irregularities on the skin which are present at birth or appear shortly after birth. A birthmark can appear anywhere on the skin.

The overgrowth of blood vessels, melanocytes, smooth muscle, fat, fibroblasts or keratinocytes is what causes the birthmark.

There are two types of birthmarks: Pigmented birthmarks and Vascular birthmarks.

Pigmented Birthmarks

Pigmented birthmarks are caused by excess skin pigment cells include moles, café au lait spots and Mongolian spots.

Vascular Birthmarks

Vascular birthmarks are caused by increased blood vessels and include macular stains, haemangioma and Port-wine stains. This type of birthmark is not hereditary.

Being harmless, birthmarks do not require treatment. In some cases, pigmented marks resolve themselves. For cosmetic reasons, vascular birthmarks can be reduced or removed by administering oral or injected steroids, using dermatological lasers or dermatological surgery.

Port-wine Stains

A port-wine stain is a red or purple mark on the skin. They are often found on the face. Port-wine stains are caused by a localised area of abnormal blood vessels. They vary in size from a few millimetres across to many centimetres.  The colour can vary from a pale red to a deep purple and tend to darken with age.

Lasers are used to treat port-wine stains. Complete clearance of a port-wine stain is rare and treatment often works best during childhood. For those that don’t want to use the Laser treatment method, there are special coloured cover creams that can be used on the port-wine stain to approve the skin’s appearance.

Microneedling

Microneedling therapy is a minimally invasive skin rejuvenation procedure that involves the use of a device covered with tiny, shallow needles to essentially poke holes in the skin surface. This procedure is used to treat facial scars caused by acne or chickenpox, fine lines, skin discolouration and general skin rejuvenation.

During the procedure, an anaesthetic cream is applied to your skin as well as a light layer of water to help keep the skin lubricated. The dermatologist then runs the microneedling device over your skin, creating tiny holes in the surface. The whole procedure generally takes less than 30 minutes.

After the procedure your skin will be red, making it look like you got a bit sunburned. It will take a couple of days for the skin to heal and look fairly normal again. Results are not instant, but rather more gradual. Natural collagen growth will happen over weeks or months meaning your skin will be much improved over a longer period of time.

Some people may need to go for more than one microneedling treatment, especially if they are looking to treat deep wrinkles, stretch marks, sun damage and major scarring.

Spider Veins

Spider veins are small, red, purple and blue vessels that twist and turn. They are easily visible through the skin and typically appear on the legs and face. Women are more likely to get spider veins than men. Spider veins are more common in women over the age of 50.

Spider veins are a result of weak or damaged valves in the veins. When the valves don’t open to allow blood to leave the veins, blood backs up and the veins swell. Below is a list of factors that increase your chances of developing s
pider veins:

  • Heredity
  • Occupations that involve a lot of standing
  • Obesity
  • Hormonal influences of pregnancy, puberty and menopause
  • Use of birth control pills
  • Postmenopausal hormonal replacement
  • A history of blood clots
  • Conditions that cause increased pressure in the abdomen
  • Trauma or injury to the skin

Those who have experienced spider veins have complained about pain, described as an aching or cramping in the legs. The legs often feel tired, restless, and heavy or have a burning, throbbing, tingling sensation. Less common symptoms include swelling, ulcers and darkening skin.

Pain from spider veins is often relieved by elevating the legs or by wearing support hose.

There are several methods of treating spider veins. Changing your lifestyle to include healthy eating and walking could help treat spider veins. Wearing support stockings is another method of treatment. More invasive forms of treatment include Sclerotherapy, Endovenous Laser Treatment, Radiofrequency Occlusion, Surgery, and Lasers and Intense Pulsed Light. Treatments are usually easy and highly successful

Spider veins are generally not a serious health condition. They are more of a cosmetic issue and can be left alone if they don’t bother you.